Waikato Journal of Education


Summative assessment
explicit teaching
student autonomy
integrated curriculum
divergent practice

How to Cite

Whyte, B. M., & Deane, P. (2017). Best intentions: Using convergent practices divergently. Teachers and Curriculum, 17(1). https://doi.org/10.15663/tandc.v17i1.175


Summative assessment and explicit teaching are on the increase in New Zealand primary and intermediate learning spaces; either, or both, frequently used by teachers to assist with requirements for National Standards. Combined use means learning destinations are set by teachers within convergent practice, allowing little room for student exploration, curiosity and questions. In contrast, the vision, values and key competencies in the New Zealand Curriculum (NZC) promote teacher action towards more divergent practices that enable multiple opportunities for student input and negotiation. In this article we draw on collaborative observation and teacher reflection, to provide an example of an integrated curriculum approach effectively incorporating summative assessment and explicit teaching within a divergent learning programme, that enhances rather than constrains student learning autonomy.


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